There are three basic classes of
OINTMENTS are semi-solid greases
that help to hydrate the skin by preventing water loss. Petroleum jelly has no
additional ingredients, whereas other ointments contain a small proportion of
water or other ingredients to make the ointment more spreadable. Ointments are
very good at helping the skin retain moisture but they are often disliked
because of their greasiness.
CREAMS are thick mixtures of
greases in water or another liquid. They contain a lower proportion of grease
than ointments, making them less greasy. A warning: creams often contain
stabilizers and preservatives to prevent separation of their main ingredients,
and these additives can cause skin irritation or even allergic reactions for
LOTIONS are mixtures of oil and
water, with water being the main ingredient. Most lotions do not function well
as moisturizers for people with dry skin conditions because the water in the
lotion evaporates quickly.
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