Training errors are the most common cause of overuse
injuries. These errors involve rapid acceleration of the intensity,
duration, or frequency of activity. Overuse injuries also happen in
people who are returning to a sport or activity after injury and try to
make up for lost time by pushing themselves to achieve the level of
participation they were at before injury. Proper technique is critical
in avoiding overuse injuries, as slight changes in form may be the
culprit. For this reason, coaches, athletic trainers, and teachers can
play a role in preventing recurrent overuse injuries.
Some people are more prone than others to overuse injuries.
Imbalances between strength and flexibility around certain joints
predispose individuals to injury. Body alignment, such as knock-knees,
bowlegs, unequal leg lengths, and flat or high arched feet, also impact
overuse injuries. Many people also have weak links due to old injuries,
incompletely rehabilitated injuries, or other anatomic factors.
Other factors include equipment, such as the type of running shoe or
ballet shoe, and terrain — hard versus soft surface in aerobic dance or
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