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Q.

What causes esophageal cancer?

Related Topics: Cancer, Esophagus
 

Answers From Experts & Organizations (1)

8,020 Answers
274,184 Helpful Votes
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A.

There are a number of factors which increase a person's risk of developing esophageal cancer. They include:

  • Smoking or other use of tobacco.
  • Heavy alcohol use.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), in which contents and acid from the stomach back up into the esophagus, can increase the risk of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus by 2 to 16 times normal. It is estimated that about 30% of esophageal cancers are related to GERD.
  • Barrett's esophagus, a condition that affects the lower part of the esophagus and can lead to esophageal cancer. Barrett's esophagus may be caused by GERD. Over time, it can cause changes in the cells of the esophagus that increase risk for adenocarcinoma.

In addition, certain groups -- men, the elderly, and African-Americans -- are at greater risk for esophageal cancer.

This answer should not be considered medical advice...down arrowThis answer should not be considered medical advice and should not take the place of a doctor’s visit. Please see the bottom of the page for more information or visit our Terms and Conditions.up arrow

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Archived: March 20, 2014

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Read the Original Article: Esophageal Cancer