The keys to avoiding the condition depend on the type of hepatitis. Many types of hepatitis can be prevented by making informed lifestyle choices. Vaccinations are available for Hepatitis A and B. Adequate sanitation and clean personal habits will help reduce the spread of hepatitis A and hepatitis E. In areas where sanitation is questionable, boil water. Cook all food well and peel all fruit.
Health care workers or caregivers involved in the treatment of patients with contagious forms of hepatitis should wash their hands, utensils, bedding, and clothing with soap and hot water.
People planning to travel to countries where hepatitis is widespread are advised to have immune serum globulin shots or vaccinations before leaving. Immune serum globulin may prevent infection from some types of hepatitis after exposure if administered within a certain timeframe.
To prevent the spread of hepatitis B, avoid exposure to infectious blood or body fluids. Do not have intimate contact or share razors, scissors, nail files, toothbrushes, or needles with anyone who has the disease. If you suspect that you have been exposed to either hepatitis A or B, you should receive immune serum globulin and vaccinations for the viruses as soon as possible. In the U.S., all children are advised to receive a hepatitis B vaccine before starting school. The hepatitis A vaccine is also recommended for children in areas with high prevalence of disease.
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