Home treatment is recommended for most
varicose veins that aren't causing more serious
problems. Home treatment can relieve symptoms and slow down the progress of
varicose veins. For many people with varicose veins, home treatment is the only
treatment they need.
If you have varicose veins, you can help
control the problem and keep it from getting worse if you:
Superficial varicose veins can sometimes cause minor
problems like bruising or bleeding if you scratch or cut the skin over a larger
vein. Small blood clots may occasionally form in the surface veins (superficial
phlebitis). Most of these problems can be safely treated at home.
- If you bump your leg so hard that you know it
is likely to bruise, elevate your leg and apply ice or a cold pack as soon as
you can for the next hour or two. This may help reduce the amount of bleeding
under the skin and minimize bruising.
- If you cut or scratch the
skin over a vein, it may bleed a lot. Elevate your leg and apply firm pressure
with a clean bandage over the site of the bleeding. Continue to apply pressure
for a full 15 minutes. Do not check to see if the bleeding has stopped sooner.
If the bleeding hasn't stopped after 15 minutes, apply pressure again for
another 15 minutes. You can repeat this up to three times for a total of 45
Signs of a small blood clot in a superficial varicose vein
(superficial phlebitis) include tenderness and swelling over the vein. The vein
may feel firm. If your doctor has told you how to care for superficial
phlebitis, follow his or her instructions.
- Often doctors will recommend that you elevate
your leg and apply heat with a warm, damp cloth or a heating pad set on low (to
prevent burns, put a towel or cloth between your leg and the heating
- Your doctor may also tell you to take a
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (for example, two
aspirin or ibuprofen tablets taken 3 to 4 times a day at first and less often
as your symptoms go away).
- Talk to your doctor if you are not sure
that your symptoms are caused by a superficial blood clot or if you are not
sure how to treat your symptoms.
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