Type 2 diabetes is a
lifelong disease that develops when the
pancreas cannot make enough
insulin or when the body's tissues cannot use insulin
properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells use sugar (glucose)
for energy. It also helps the body store extra sugar in muscle, fat, and liver
Without insulin, the sugar cannot get into the cells to do
its work. It stays in the blood instead. This can cause high blood sugar
levels. A person has diabetes when the blood sugar stays too high too much of
Over time, high blood sugar can cause problems with the
eyes, heart, blood vessels, nerves, and kidneys. High blood sugar also makes a
person more likely to get serious illnesses or infections.
past, doctors believed that type 2 diabetes was an adult disease and that type
1 diabetes was a children’s disease. Now, more and more children are getting
type 2 diabetes.
Finding out that your child has diabetes can be
scary. But your child can live a long, healthy life by learning to manage the
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