Type 1 diabetes is a
disease that starts when the
pancreas stops making
insulin. Insulin lets blood sugar-also called
glucose-enter the body's cells to be used for energy. Without insulin, the
cells can't get the sugar they need, and too much sugar builds up in the
Diabetes can cause sudden or long-term problems. If the
body doesn't have enough insulin and the blood sugar gets very high, a sudden
and very serious problem called
diabetic ketoacidosis can happen. This can be deadly.
Over time, high blood sugar can damage the eyes, heart, blood vessels, nerves,
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it usually
starts in children or young adults. That’s why it used to be called juvenile
Type 1 diabetes is different from type 2 diabetes, which
is the most common form of the illness. In type 1, the body stops making
insulin. In type 2, the body does not make enough insulin, or the body can't
use insulin the right way. All people with type 1 diabetes need to take
insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes also need insulin, but most people
can use diet, exercise, and medicine in pills to treat that illness.
There isn't a cure for type 1 diabetes. But with treatment, people can
live long and healthy lives.
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