If you are notpregnant (or not planning to be pregnant soon) and have a healthy
immune system, you do not need to prevent
toxoplasmosis infection. It is a passing infection
with mild or no symptoms.
If you have had toxoplasmosis, you
cannot get it again. This is because your
immune system has learned how to fight it. This
immunity protects both you and your
fetus from toxoplasmosis.
You can have a
blood test to learn whether you are immune to toxoplasmosis.
If you are pregnant or plan to be pregnant soon
you do not know whether you are immune to toxoplasmosis or know that you are
not immune, avoid contact with the toxoplasma parasite to protect your fetus
- Avoid cat feces, in both the home and the
- If you have a cat and you are either
pregnant or planning to become pregnant soon, have someone else clean the cat
litter box. If you must clean the box yourself, do it daily. The toxoplasma
eggs take 1 to 5 days to become infectious.4 Wear
gloves and a face mask, and wash your hands afterward.
- Make a habit
of washing any table or counter surfaces that a cat may have walked
- Consider keeping your cat indoors. A cat who goes outdoors
is likely to become infected with Toxoplasma gondii by
eating infected birds or rodents. (Eating indoor mice also poses a
- When gardening or handling soil, wear gloves and wash your
- Wash all foods that could have had contact with
cat feces, including commercial fruits and vegetables.
- Eat only well-cooked or previously frozen meat.
Avoid dried meats. Sustained high or low temperatures are needed to kill
Toxoplasma gondii in meat.
- Carefully wash
your hands and all utensils after preparing raw meat, poultry, seafood, fruits,
- Avoid untreated drinking water. This is a concern
when you are in the wilderness or are traveling to developing countries where
drinking water is not treated.
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