Most men with
prostatitis have chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain
syndrome, inflammatory or noninflammatory. The cause of this type of
prostatitis is not known. Few men with prostatitis have prostatitis associated
with a bacterial infection.
Bacteria infecting the prostate cause
acute prostatitis and
chronic bacterial prostatitis. Bacteria most likely
enter the prostate by:
Chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory (nonbacterial prostatitis)
The specific cause of
chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, inflammatory, is usually not known. However, health professionals
believe the possible causes include:
- Blocked urine flow.
movement of urine and prostate secretions into the
- Microorganisms that may infect the prostate. However, if
they are present, they usually are not detectable in the urine.
immune system attacking the prostate (autoimmune disease).
- Chemicals normally found in the urine, such as
uric acid, which may get into the prostate and cause
- Abnormal nerve or muscle function.
Chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, noninflammatory (prostatodynia)
The causes of
chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome, noninflammatory, may be the same as those for chronic prostatitis/pelvic
pain syndrome, inflammatory. Some health professionals think that the prostate
may not be involved at all but that a combination of factors, including nervous
system problems, strained pelvic floor muscles, and emotional issues, cause the
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