The chances of developing
lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus, or SLE) are
higher in people who:
Results from studies are mixed on the effect that the
estrogen has on a woman's risk of lupus or of having
lupus flares. For example, while most women do not have symptom flares during
pregnancy, when a woman has a high level of estrogen, a few women do have
flares during pregnancy. And although most women develop lupus when they are
age 15 to 45, when estrogen levels are higher, a number of women develop lupus
menopause, when estrogen levels are low.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and birth
control pills (oral contraceptives) do not appear to affect a woman's risk of
lupus.2Birth control pills also do not appear to
increase the chance of symptom flares in women with moderate lupus that is
inactive or under control.3
suggests smoking may increase the risk of getting lupus.1
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