Surgery to remove
cervical cancer may be an option when the cancer is
confined to the cervix or
uterus. The type of surgery performed depends on the
location and extent of cervical cancer and your desire to be able to have
Surgery for very early stages of cervical cancer that
preserves your ability to have children includes:
Surgery for most stages of cervical cancer does not
preserve your ability to have children. Surgeries include:
- Hysterectomy with or without removal of
ovaries, to remove the cervix and related organs where
recurrence would be most likely to occur.
- Modified radical
hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. A radical hysterectomy usually
includes removal of part of the vagina, the uterus, the ovaries, and the
fallopian tubes. This removes the most likely sites of
cancer and may reduce the risk of recurrence.
What To Think About
If surgery is part of your
treatment, you also may be given
chemotherapy, or combination chemoradiation. These
treatments may be given before or after surgery to try to destroy any cancer
cells that may remain. Radiation, chemotherapy, or chemoradiation given before
a surgery to help control or reduce the size of the tumor is called
neoadjuvant therapy. Using these therapies after a
surgery when only microscopic areas of cancer may still be present is called
radiation alone, chemoradiation improves survival if it is used either before
or after a hysterectomy.9
from surgery can include difficulty with urination or problems with bowel
habits, such as constipation or diarrhea. Your ability to have or enjoy sexual
intercourse may also be affected.
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