used to shrink
cervical cancer and decrease tumor growth.
Chemotherapy may be used to treat later stages (stages II, III, and IV) of
cervical cancer. It may be used alone or in combination with radiation
(chemoradiation). Compared with radiation alone, chemoradiation improves
survival.9 It is usually used as the primary therapy
or after a hysterectomy.
Chemotherapy medicines may be taken by
mouth (orally) or injected into a vein (intravenous, or IV). Chemotherapy is
called a systemic treatment because the medicines enter the bloodstream and
travel through the body to kill cancer cells.
clinical trials have studied the different
chemotherapy medicines used to treat cervical cancer. Some medicines are used
routinely, and some are used in combination with others for greater
oncologist will discuss and recommend chemotherapy
treatment specific to your condition.
The most common chemotherapy medicines used for initial
treatment or with radiation treatment in stage IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IVA
For advanced stage (stage IVB) cervical cancer or
recurrent cervical cancer, the most common chemotherapy medicines used
Topotecan has been approved to use with cisplatin for
advanced cervical cancer. These drugs may be used when surgery or radiation
cannot be done or are not likely to work. They can also be used for cervical
cancer that has returned or spread to other organs.
What To Think About
Most chemotherapy will cause some
Chemotherapy may be given after surgery to try to
kill any cancer cells that may remain, which is called
Studies show that
chemotherapy given at the same time as radiation treatment (chemoradiation)
improves survival rates in stages IIB, IIIA, IIIB and IVA cervical cancer
without significantly increasing the side effects of either treatment.
Chemoradiation may also improve survival rates in stages IB and IIA for women
with large tumors.8, 3 Compared
with radiation alone, chemoradiation improves survival.9 It is usually used as the primary therapy or after a
Cisplatin is the medicine most often used in
chemoradiation for cervical cancer.
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