The best way to prevent
anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is to
stretch and strengthen the leg muscles, especially the front and back muscles
of the thigh (quadriceps and hamstrings).
Other precautions that
may help prevent ACL injuries include:
- Avoid wearing shoes with cleats in contact
- Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes.
- Avoid sports
that involve lots of twisting and contact.
If you have already had an ACL injury, you can avoid
another ACL injury by:
- Strengthening the injured knee through
- Changing your sports techniques to avoid
motions that might stress the injured knee.
- Changing your lifestyle
sports that have a high risk of injuring your knee
further, such as skiing, football, soccer, or basketball.
- Wearing a
knee brace during high-risk activities. But braces should be used only if
rehabilitation is also being done. Wearing a brace alone may be of little
benefit and may give you a false sense of security.
Programs to prevent ACL injuries are available. These
programs generally emphasize injury awareness, avoidance techniques, and
stretching, strengthening, and jumping exercises to help reduce ACL
Tips to prevent ACL injuries include practicing
landing after jumps with the knees bent and crouching when pivoting and
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