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What increases the risk of getting Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Related Topics: Macular Degeneration

Answers From Experts & Organizations (1)

Medical Reference

The major risk factors for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) include:

  • Older age. Age is the biggest risk factor for developing AMD. Less than 10% of people ages 43 to 54 have AMD. After age 75, more than 30% of people may have some form of it.2
  • A family history of the disease. You are much more likely to get AMD if a close relative has it.
  • Race. Whites appear to have a higher risk than blacks or Hispanics.
  • Smoking. People who smoke are about twice as likely to develop AMD than nonsmokers. The risk appears to be higher for people who have been heavy smokers or who have smoked for a long time.2
  • One eye with wet AMD. Nearly half of people with wet AMD in one eye get wet AMD in the other eye within 5 years.1

Other risk factors for developing AMD may include:2

  • Deposits at the back of the eye called drusen. Eyes with large, soft drusen deposits are at a greater risk for developing abnormal blood vessels and wet AMD.
  • A diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol.
  • Low dietary intake of carotenoids, antioxidant vitamins, and zinc.

Genes may play an important role in your risk for AMD. Researchers have found certain genes that seem to be linked to AMD.

This answer should not be considered medical advice...down arrowThis answer should not be considered medical advice and should not take the place of a doctor’s visit. Please see the bottom of the page for more information or visit our Terms and Conditions.up arrow

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Read the Original Article: Age-Related Macular Degeneration-What Increases Your Risk
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