Age-related macular degeneration is a disease that causes blurring of
central vision. The blurring happens because of damage
to the macula, a small area at the back of the
eye. The macula helps you see the fine detail in
things that your eyes are focusing on.
Macular degeneration makes
it harder to do things that require sharp central vision, like reading,
driving, and recognizing faces. It does not affect side vision, so it does not
lead to complete blindness.
There are two types of macular
degeneration-wet and dry. The dry form is by far the most common type. The wet
form is much less common, but it happens more quickly and is more
- The dry form accounts for about 9 out of 10
cases of macular degeneration.1 It develops slowly and
causes central vision to become dimmer or more blurry over time. It usually
does not cause severe vision loss unless it turns into the wet
- The wet form accounts for only about 1 out of 10 cases of
macular degeneration.1 It can cause serious vision
loss within months or even weeks. People who have the wet form have the dry
You may have either type in just one eye, but over time
you may get it in the other eye too.
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