Below I have listed some common risk factors for osteoporosis with a brief explanation about each risk factor.
Age. Osteoporosis can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in older people than younger people.
Gender. Osteoporosis is more common in women than men. Eighty percent of people with osteoporosis are women. Twenty percent are men.
Family history. If one of your parents had osteoporosis or broke a bone as an adult, you are more likely to get osteoporosis.
Being small and thin. People who are thin or have small bones are more likely to get osteoporosis.
Low estrogen levels. Estrogen levels drop when a woman goes through menopause or has her ovaries removed. Teen girls and young women who often miss their periods usually have low estrogen levels.
Low testosterone levels. Low levels of testosterone in men can lead to osteoporosis.
Not getting enough calcium and vitamin D. Getting enough calcium helps build strong bones when you are younger and helps keeps them strong later in life. Your body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium.
Lack of exercise. Your bones get strong when you make them work. Two types of exercises that help keep your bones healthy are weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises.
Medicines. Some medicines can cause bone loss and osteoporosis. One type that is a major concern for bones is steroid medicines. Ask your healthcare provider if any medicines you take can affect your bones. Do not stop any treatment or change the dose of your medicine unless your healthcare provider says it’s safe to do so. For a list of medicines that can cause bone loss, visit www.nof.org/prevention/risk.htm .
Diseases and conditions. Ask your healthcare provider if you have any diseases or conditions that can cause bone loss and osteoporosis. Sometimes, treating a health problem that causes bone loss can improve your bone health. For a list of disease and conditions that can cause bone loss, visit www.nof.org/prevention/risk.htm .
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