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What causes the rashes from poison ivy, oak and sumac?

Related Topics: Skin, Rash, Poison Ivy

Answers From Experts & Organizations (1)

7,995 Answers
373,810 Helpful Votes

With poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac, the sap in the leaves, stems, and roots of these plants contain an oil called urushiol (pronounced yoo-ROO-shee-all).Many people have an allergic reaction when urushiol touches the skin, which produces the rash. You may be caught by surprise, thinking you haven't touched any of these poisonous plants -- thinking only of the leaves -- but you may have unwittingly come in contact with their roots or stems.

Urushiol quickly penetrates the skin, often leaving red lines that show where you brushed against the plant. From 12 to 72 hours later, symptoms appear. Scratching the itchy rash doesn't cause it to spread, but can prolong skin healing and cause a secondary infection. The rash isn't contagious, so you won't spread it to others by going to school or work.

Three types of transmission can occur:

  • Direct contact, when you touch or brush your skin directly against the plant.
  • Indirect contact when you touch pets, gardening tools, sports equipment, or other objects that had direct contact with the plant.
  • Airborne contact from burning these plants, which releases particles of urushiol into the air that can penetrate your skin, eyes, nose, throat, or respiratory system.

This answer should not be considered medical advice...down arrowThis answer should not be considered medical advice and should not take the place of a doctor’s visit. Please see the bottom of the page for more information or visit our Terms and Conditions.up arrow

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Archived: March 20, 2014

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Read the Original Article: Understanding Poison Oak, Ivy, Sumac - the Basics