People with high-functioning autism or Asperger's syndrome do not have the delayed language development that's typically found in people with autism.
In addition, people with high-functioning autism have average or above average intelligence. However, they may show other behaviors and signs similar to what's seen with other types of autism:
- Delay in motor skills.
- Lack of skill in interacting with others.
- Little understanding of the abstract uses of language, such as humor or give-and-take in a conversation.
- Obsessive interest in specific items or information.
- Strong reactions to textures, smells, sounds, sights, or other stimuli that others might not even notice, such as a flickering light.
Unlike people with other forms of autism, people with high-functioning autism or Asperger's syndrome want to be involved with others. They simply don't know how to go about it.
They may not be able to understand others' emotions. They may not read facial expressions or body language well. As a result, they may be teased and often feel like social outcasts. The unwanted social isolation can lead to anxiety and depression.
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