The two most common forms of diabetic nerve damage are peripheral neuropathy, which affects the nerves in the legs, feet, and hands, and autonomic neuropathy, which affects the nerves connected to a range of body functions, including heart rate, blood pressure, and sexual arousal.
Symptoms of the former include tingling, burning, and numbness in the extremites (especially the feet), sharp or jabbing pain, muscle weakness, trouble walking, ulcers and infections of the feet, and extreme sensitivity to touch.
Symptoms of autonomic nerve damage can include erectile dysfunction, chronic diarrhea or constipation, problems with urination or frequent urinary tract infections, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain, faintness and dizziness upon standing up. It can lead to dangerous situations.
Keeping your blood sugar levels under control may not only reduce your risk of developing neuropathy by as much as 60%, it can also limit the damage and improve the symptoms if you already have neuropathy.
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