The main symptoms of a broken finger are pain immediately after the trauma, and sometimes a deformed finger.
- A true fracture usually will be painful, but a broken finger may still have some range of motion and dull pain, and the individual may still be able to move it. Depending on the fracture stability, some fractures may be more painful than others.
- Usually within 5 to 10 minutes, swelling and bruising of the finger will occur and the finger will stiffen. Swelling may affect the adjacent fingers as well.
- Numbness of the finger may occur either from the trauma of the injury itself or because swelling compresses the nerves in the fingers.
- Fractures to the finger tip (distal phalanx) are common from smashing injuries to the fingernail. The symptoms of this type of injury may be swelling and bruising to the finger pad and purple-colored blood underneath the fingernail (subungual hematoma).
- If the trauma is severe, broken bones may be exposed (called a compound fracture).
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