There are few medications that are considered effective in treating drug addiction:
Methadone, levo-alpha acetyl methadol (LAAM), and buprenorphine hydrochloride are non-sedating, non-intoxicating opiates that treat opiate addiction by preventing symptoms of withdrawal from heroin and other opiates. Naltrexone blocks the effects of opiates and is therefore useful in both treatment of overdose of opiates and in longer-term treatment.
Nicotine addiction is often medically addressed by medications that replace nicotine in the form of patches, gum, or nasal spray. Bupropion, which was originally found to be an effective antidepressant, has been found to decrease patients' cravings for nicotine.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) recommends that treatment of substance abuse be readily available when the addicted person is ready to enroll; be tailored to the complex, multiple and changing needs (for example medical, mental health, social, legal, and family) of each individual; and consider the use of medication treatment when appropriate and include random drug testing.
There are numerous individual treatments for drug addiction in teens. Relapse prevention uses methods for recognizing and amending problem behaviors. Individualized drug counseling specifically emphasizes short-term behavioral goals in an attempt to help the individual reduce or stop the use of drugs altogether. Some treatment programs include drug testing. Twelve-step programs like Narcotics Anonymous are individualized drug-counseling methods. Motivational enhancement therapy encourages the teen to increase their desire to participate in therapy. Stimulus control refers to a treatment method that teaches the person to stay away from situations that are associated with drug use and to replace those situations with activities that are contrary to using drugs. Urge control is an approach to changing patterns that lead to drug use. Social control involves family members and other significant others of the addict in treatment.
Family interventions for drug use that tend to be effective for teens include multidimensional family therapy (MDFT), group therapy, and multifamily educational intervention (MFE). Multidimensional family therapy has been found to be quite effective. Longer-term residential treatment of three to five months that addresses peer relationships, educational problems, and family issues is often used in treating drug use in teens.
For youth in the first stage of drug use (having access, but not having yet used drugs), preventive measures are used. Therefore, limiting access to drugs, addressing any risk factors of the youth or family, as well as optimal parental supervision and expression regarding expectations are often recommended.
The approach to those who have experimented with drugs should not be minimized by mental-health professionals, since infrequent use can progress to the more serious stages of drug use if not addressed. Therefore, professionals recommend that youths be thoroughly educated about the effects and risks of drugs, that fair-but-firm limits be set on the use of drugs, and that the user be referred for brief counseling, a self-help group, and/or family support group. Teens who have progressed to the more advanced stages of drug use are typically treated intensively, using a combination of the medical, individual, and familial interventions already described.
This answer should not be considered medical advice...This answer should not be considered medical advice and should not take the place of a doctor’s visit. Please see the bottom of the page for more information or visit our Terms and Conditions.
Thanks for your feedback.
3 of 4 found this helpful
Read the Original Article: Teen Drug Abuse