The most important component of treating kidney infection (as with any bacterial infection) is timely initiation of antibiotics under the directions of a health care professional. If kidney infection is diagnosed, then an empiric antibiotic (an antibiotic that would cover all likely bacteria) is usually prescribed. A urine and blood sample will be taken and sent to a laboratory for analysis of any bacterial growth (urine culture and blood culture).
When a specific bacteria is isolated, antibiotics may be changed to cover that particular bacteria. If the bacteria shows resistance (unresponsive) to the antibiotic that was initially prescribed, then the antibiotic should be changed promptly to one to which the organism is susceptible.
Home remedy with oral antibiotics and adequate water and fluid intake are usually sufficient for the treatment of uncomplicated kidney and urinary tract infection. However, if symptoms are severe (uncontrolled nausea and vomiting resulting in inability to take medications) or the infection is difficult to control with the routine oral remedies for kidney infection, then hospitalization may be required to receive intravenous antibiotics, intravenous hydration, and aggressive management of symptoms.
In cases of complicated kidney infection hospitalization may also be necessary.
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