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Q.

When is a liver transplant needed?

Related Topics: Liver, Transplant
 

Answers From Experts & Organizations (1)

8,020 Answers
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A.

Liver transplantation is considered when the liver no longer functions adequately (liver failure). Liver failure can occur suddenly (acute liver failure) as a result of infection or complications from certain medications or it can be the end result of a long-term problem. The following conditions may result in liver failure:

  • Chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis (a rare condition where the immune system inappropriately attacks and destroys the bile ducts causing liver failure).
  • Sclerosing cholangitis (scarring and narrowing of the bile ducts inside and outside of the liver causing the backup of bile in the liver which can lead to liver failure).
  • Biliary atresia (malformation of the bile ducts).
  • Alcoholism.
  • Wilson's disease (a rare inherited disease with abnormal deposition of copper throughout the body, including the liver, causing it to fail).
  • Hemochromatosis (a common inherited disease where the body is overwhelmed with iron).
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (an abnormal accumulation of alpha-1 antitrypsin protein in the liver, resulting in cirrhosis).
  • Liver cancer.

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Archived: March 20, 2014

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Read the Original Article: Liver Transplantation