The chief advantage of vasectomy -- its permanence -- is also its chief disadvantage. The procedure itself is simple, but reversing it is difficult, expensive, and often unsuccessful.
Researchers are studying new methods of blocking the vas deferens that may produce less tissue damage and scarring and might thus permit a more successful reversal. However, these methods are all experimental, and their effectiveness has not been confirmed yet. It is possible to store semen in a sperm bank to preserve the possibility of producing a pregnancy at some future date. However, doing this is costly, and the sperm in stored semen do not always remain viable (able to cause pregnancy).
For all of these reasons, doctors advise that vasectomy be undertaken only by men who are prepared to accept the fact that they will no longer be able to father a child. The decision should be considered along with other contraceptive options and discussed with a professional counselor. Men who are married or in a serious relationship should also discuss the issue with their partners.
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